– All right, guys. Hold
on! Before you go anywhere, this is not gonna be a boring tutorial. Today I’m gonna teach you not only how to perfectly interweave a deck of cards together in a perfect shuffle, but I’m also gonna teach you a little bit of the history behind the mathematics and behind the discovery
of the faro shuffle, as well as some applications of the in faro and out faro shuffles. So, basically I’m gonna
teach you a magic trick that uses this principle but also, I want you guys to sort of learn and understand the principle
behind the faro shuffle so that you can go ahead
and create your own. (playful music) Let’s start with some history. So the faro shuffle was
first sort of discovered by theoretical mathematician
Percy Diaconis, who wrote a huge report on this. Basically, it was the
study of how to perfectly shuffle a deck of cards
in two different ways. This was better explained
by John Maskelyne, and he would call it The
faros dealer’s shuffle. Now, in a faro shuffle there
are two types of shuffles. There is the out faro, where the original bottom card stays on the bottom, and the original top
card stays on the top. And then there is the in faro. These names were first
coined by Alex Elmsley, another great mathematician
and magician as well. Let’s look at the differences between the in faro and the out faro before we get into teaching how to do it. Let’s start with the
out faro, my favorite. Now, the out faro’s
very interesting because as it retains the bottom and top card, basically what you can
accomplish with this is if you do eight
perfect out faro shuffles, the deck goes back to the
original order you started with. Fun fact: if you add 12 cards
to a deck making it 64 cards, you will only need six
perfect faro shuffles to get back to new-deck order. Something you should
also know is that if you place a card somewhere in the
deck and out faro this deck, the position of that card will be multiplied by two minus one. And the in faro basically is
the complete opposite of that, so instead of eight
shuffles to bring it back to the deck order that you had, you need 52 shuffles. That’s insane. So, you need to perfectly shuffle in shuffle a deck 52 times to get back to the original deck
order that you had it in. After 26 shuffles, you’ve
essentially reversed the order of the deck completely. Interesting, right? Alex Elmsley, as he was a famous
mathematician and magician, would come up with
really, really cool ways of positioning a card, but not only that, how to actually count them in binary. So, for instance, if you
wanted a card to 23rd position, he would essentially say, “Well, that’s 22, and 22 in binary is “one, zero, one, one, zero.” Where the ones are the in shuffles, and the zero are the out shuffles, So that would take in
shuffle, out shuffle, in shuffle, in shuffle, out shuffle, and your card would be 23rd from the top if it started on top. Just a little bit of
knowledge for you guys. I know this sounds complicated,
but really it isn’t. Once you actually start
applying the mathematics to it, and do the test yourself, place a card on the top of
the deck, in shuffle it, you’ll see that it’ll be second. If you in shuffle it again,
it’ll double its position again. So the in shuffle, not
like the out shuffle, the in shuffle it will double
a position of the card. So the out shuffle doubles it minus one, and the in shuffle just doubles it. So, try this out yourself if you already know how to faro shuffle. If you don’t, just stay tuned and we’ll teach that in a second. But place a card on top of the deck and in shuffle it once, it’ll be second. In shuffle it again, it’ll be fourth. In shuffle it again, it’ll be eighth. In again it’ll be 16th,
and so on and so forth. Now, there are a lot of literature on the mathematics and applications
of the faro shuffle. And if you guys think at home that math is boring and not for me, some of the best principles in magic are based on mathematics, and some of the best creators in magic are mathematicians. So, let’s say you only like
the practical application. It’s fun to actually
understand the theoretical side and the application side of this move before you end up using it, because then you won’t be so
confused when performing it, or even reading a book which says “In faro, out shuffle,
et cetera, et cetera.” You won’t be so lost and
confused. Thank me later. All right, so now let’s get into actual tutorial of how
to faro shuffle a deck, and afterwards, I’m gonna teach you guys an effect that you guys can go out and perform straight away, super easy, all you really need to know how to do is the faro shuffle, and you can perform this and look like a master illusionist. Or mathematician, whatever. Let’s get into the tutorial right now. So, here we go. I’m going to be using the Block playing cards
by my friend Frank. I’ll leave a link below where
you guys can check these out. They’re pretty sick, and they feel great. All right, so first of all I’m going to demonstrate what an out faro looks like. First, you wanna split
the deck into two halves, and then once you faro them together, basically, the bottom card is the same and the top card stays
in the same position. All the other cards interweave like so. And it’s one perfect shuffle. So, satisfying to watch, isn’t it? An in shuffle is the exact same thing, but instead of retaining
the bottom and top card, these are going to change
positions, like so. Let’s go into the mechanics
of the faro shuffle. So, first of all, you
wanna break off the pack into two piles. Don’t get upset if you can’t perfectly split a deck in to 26, 26. That’s a bit of a skill, and a bit of muscle memory over time, you just kinda learn how
to grab equal halves. And it’s not always perfect, but for the most part, it pretty much lands itself every time. And you can do a test straight away. So, for instance, if I come
here and I start to faro, I know right now that
I have way more cards on this block than I do over here, so I can just grab two
and bring them over here, and now I’m pretty much 50, 50. And the grip is very important here, because if you just take two packs and try to shove them together, you know, this might happen. Right, and it won’t be a perfect faro. It won’t be even close. So what you wanna try to do is first of all, grab your two halves, and here’s how you’re gonna hold them. So if you’re right-handed- This is what I do, there are many different ways that you
can sort of faro shuffle. I’m gonna teach you how I do it. The right hand, you’re going
to hold the deck like this, with your index, little bit
of pressure on top here. The left hand, you’re gonna
hold it like this, similar. But instead of having your finger here, you’re going to curl it
underneath, like this, and you’re going to apply pressure upwards with your finger like that. Because the idea is if
these decks are loose, you’re not gonna get a faro. They have to be absolutely tight. These two get lined up, and they are perfectly lined up with
no spaces in between, allowing the faro to happen. One quick thing you wanna do
before you square these up, Tap that, and make sure that’s square, you can tap that, and
make sure that’s square. Just square these up nice and evenly, because if they’re not square,
you won’t be able to faro. So square them up, keep the pressure. Those are two points, right there. Now, the right hand is gonna come here. As you can see here, I’m not
pressing them in together, I’m starting on the bottom. ♫ Started from the bottom ♫ Sorry. These two are gonna connect. I’m going to- Once I’m lined up here with this index, and this index here, once I’m lined up, my left hand index is
going to come to the back, and apply a bit of pressure, and this hand here is
going to move like this. So you’re kind of going
to give it this motion. Okay, starting with the corner. And then I kind of move in and back. And you can rock back and forth. Don’t apply too much pressure because if you apply too much pressure, you’re gonna ruin your cards and you’re not gonna get a nice faro. So, let the cards
interweave by themselves. Kinda like this. Okay? Starting here, you can
slide forward all the way, you can come back … Index goes back here, rock back and forth. Just like that. Something important to note, USPC, the US Playing Card Company, when they print cards, some of them are traditionally cut, and some of them are untraditionally cut. Now, what this means is that when you take a fresh deck out of the box, if this was cut in the factory, face down, which is traditional, you will be able to faro from
the bottom up very easily. If they were cut face up in a factory, then it’s gonna be a lot harder
to faro from the bottom up. You’ll have to actually
faro from the top down. The other option is to turn the deck over, and faro from the bottom up, which essentially means you’re
faroing from the top down. Once a deck is broken in like this one, you’ll be able to do both. But most decks when they’re brand new, will give one way and sort
of resist on the other. So, just play around with that and see which way works better for you. As far as the in faro goes, instead of starting over the bottom card, you’re gonna start under the bottom card and finish under the top card. And that’s basically your in faro. Now, let’s look at this
in a practical way. All right, ladies and
gentlemen, for this effect I will need you to go ahead and select any card you like. This one right here.
Perfect. The five of hearts. We’re gonna take that five of hearts and leave it somewhere within the deck. Now, I’m actually gonna
give that a few cuts just to make sure it’s completely lost. We’ll give it a few table cuts, and for good measure maybe even a shuffle, just to make sure that that card is without a doubt completely
lost within this deck. And there’s no way that myself … As a magician I could
find or locate that card. Here we go. One more cut for good measure. I believe that your card
is gonna show itself to me and reveal itself to me. Let me know if this is your card. (gasps) The 10 of diamonds is
not your card, is it? Huh. Maybe, you know what, maybe
this is an indicator card, maybe this card is gonna
tell me about your card. Maybe it tells me your card is red, maybe it tells me your card
is a diamond, which it isn’t. More importantly, maybe it tells me where your card is. Now that’s a ten. Let’s count ten cards. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine,
ten. This card here. What was your card again?
Was it the 5 of hearts? There ya go. All right, let’s get into
how this effect works. It’s quite simple, but
you need to pay attention. So, first, you need your indicator card. This is the card that’s going to tell us where your card is. What’s great about this is that no matter what you use, you
can use any card at all, and through the in faro, out faro formula, you can have their selection
end up where ever you like. So, I like to go with
10, nice and even number. For their card to be beside
the 10 after one out faro, you’re going to need to place it fifth face up from the top. All right. So that’s the card, one, two, three, four cards
on top of this card here. So, now if I out faro this right now that would double the position minus one of the card bringing it to ninth, right? Which is no good, we
don’t want it to be ninth. But we forgot to add a factor in, there’s gonna be one
more card to add to this. There’s gonna be their selection. So, the way this trick starts out, you wanna block spread this, so, get past this- What a block spread is just
basically spreading past that. So that you don’t reveal this, cause if you spread this, that’s no good. You wanna block spread, have them choose somewhere from down here, let’s- That’s funny! Okay, I just performed a trick on myself. We got the five of hearts here, What you’re gonna do is you’re gonna swing cut this packet into this hand, and have them place the five of hearts down on this packet. So, basically you’re now sitting five cards over this card. Now, what we wanna do is keep a break, whatever way you wanna do it
you wanna keep a break here making sure you don’t lose that break, and I’m going to double under cut, basically just dropping
half of this pack here, bringing it on top, and dropping the other half
down and bringing it on top, Now I do this little false table cut. This is all false, false cuts. You can do any false cut you like. But now, I go into a faro shuffle. I want to out faro. I want to make sure the top card stays the top card, and how do I do that? I line up the top cards. And see, right now, I’m
two on top, so that’s bad. So what you do is you just keep talking, but it does not have to
be a perfect shuffle. All you have to do is
have a perfect out shuffle on the top of the deck. I’m having a little bit of difficulty, cause I’m looking at my monitor, but let’s do this correctly, here we go. So, now that I’m out faroed, we know that the indicator card is 10 cards away from that, right? One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine,
ten, the selection. If you calculate the selection, this card was six cards down, correct? So if we do an out faro,
what does an out faro do? It multiplies it by two
minus one, which makes it 11. 11th is perfect because we
need to count 10 cards away. So, not including this one- So, if we included this one,
that would be 11 cards down. But since we’re starting to count here, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight nine,
10, we are 10 cards away. Okay? That’s a little bit complicated, but let that sink in. We were six, we multiplied
it by two minus one, which gave us 11, we
are now 11 cards away, so that if we count 10,
the 10th card will be the five of hearts. Now you’re in this position, all you have to do is cut it into the middle of the deck and spread, and voila. This is fun because now, if
you don’t know their selection, you can fish, you can say, “This is an indicator card.
Your card was red, wasn’t it?” If they say no, you can go, “Well, on the back, I mean,” as a little gag. (rim shot) Then you can say, “Well, it was a diamond wasn’t it?” And they say no, you say- And sometimes that will
hit, which is great. But if it doesn’t you just say, “Well, maybe the number
is telling me something. “10. Let’s count ten. One, two, three- “10. The five of hearts, 10 cards away.” Play around with the principle. You know what? Take a
card place it on top, in shuffle it as many times as you can to see how many times you can actually double the position of the 10. Eventually, this’ll become muscle memory, it’s a difficult thing to master. For the most part, a lot of effects do not
require a perfect faro shuffle, but only a partially perfect faro shuffle, so, worth learning. All right, guys, that was my
tutorial on the faro shuffle. I hope I did it justice,
and I hope you guys take this information
and sort of run with it. The faro shuffle can be
used both for cardistry, but could also be used
very strongly for magic, if you guys really take
the time to understand the principle that I explain, maybe I went over it a little bit quickly, but once you start actually practicing and putting in practical time into this, you will understand the difference between in and out shuffles, and you will also
understand the applications therefore them. It. The. So, have fun with that effect, have fun with this and like this video if this was helpful. Go ahead and subscribe
if you’re not already, and we’ll see you on the next video. Peace! (playful music)




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